Glossary of sustainability terms

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Critical thinking 'Critical thinking consists of a mental process of analyzing or evaluating information, particularly statements or propositions that people have offered as true. It forms a process of reflecting upon the meaning of statements, examining the offered evidence and reasoning, and forming judgments about the facts.' Full Wikipedia definition 
ESD Education for Sustainable Development  
Futures thinking Thinking about the future using a range of techniques, for example, thinking about possible, probable, and preferable futures. Futures thinking stimulates consideration of historical facts, current behaviour, and the trends that connect the past with the present and the future. Futures thinking stimulates innovation and is a powerful planning tool. New Zealand Futures Trust 
Permaculture 'Permaculture is a design system which aims to create sustainable habitats by following nature's patterns.' Full Wikipedia definition 
Strong sustainability Strong sustainability refers to the need for human activity to reflect the asymmetric interdependence of the economic, social, and environmental spheres of life. The health of the worldwide economy is totally reliant on the existence of a healthy society, which is totally reliant on the existence of a healthy environment. The reverse is not true. Phase2 definition 
Subsidiarity Subsidiarity is the principle which states that matters ought to be handled by the smallest (or lowest) competent authority. The Oxford English Dictionary defines subsidiarity as the idea that a central authority should have a subsidiary function, performing only those tasks which cannot be performed effectively at a more immediate or local level. Full Wikipedia definition 
Sustainable development Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.  
Systems thinking "Systems thinking is a mental model that promotes the belief that the component parts of a system will act differently when isolated from its environment or other parts of the system..." Full Wikipedia definition 
Triple bottom line The triple bottom line (abbreviated as TBL or 3BL, and also known as 'people, planet, profit' or 'the three pillars' captures an expanded spectrum of values and criteria for measuring organizational (and societal) success: economic, ecological and social. Full Wikipedia definition 
Weak sustainability Weak sustainability refers to the balancing of economic activity with social and environmental responsibility. The term appears to have been coined by those who first refuted the symmetrical "triple bottom line" model for corporate social responsibility for not reflecting the asymmetric interdependence of the economic, social, and environmental spheres of life.  
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